RAVICTI® (glycerol phenylbutyrate) Oral Liquid
Indications and Usage
RAVICTI is indicated for use as a nitrogen-binding agent for chronic management of adult and pediatric patients ≥2 years of age with urea cycle disorders (UCDs) who cannot be managed by dietary protein restriction and/or amino acid supplementation alone. RAVICTI must be used with dietary protein restriction and, in some cases, dietary supplements (e.g., essential amino acids, arginine, citrulline, protein-free calorie supplements).
Important Safety Information
LIMITATIONS OF USE
- RAVICTI is not indicated for the treatment of acute hyperammonemia in patients with UCDs because more rapidly acting interventions are essential to reduce plasma ammonia levels
- The safety and efficacy of RAVICTI for the treatment of N-acetylglutamate synthase (NAGS) deficiency has not been established
- The use of RAVICTI in patients <2 months of age is contraindicated
- In patients less than 2 months of age
- In patients who develop or have known hypersensitivity to phenylbutyrate
WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS:
- Phenylacetate (PAA), the major metabolite of RAVICTI, may be toxic at levels ≥500 µg/mL. Reduce RAVICTI dosage if symptoms of neurotoxicity, including vomiting, nausea, headache, somnolence, confusion, or sleepiness are present in the absence of high ammonia or other intercurrent illnesses.
- Low or absent pancreatic enzymes or intestinal disease resulting in fat malabsorption may result in reduced or absent digestion of RAVICTI and/or absorption of phenylbutyrate and reduced control of plasma ammonia. Monitor ammonia levels closely.
- RAVICTI should be used with caution in patients who are pregnant or planning to become pregnant. Based on animal data it may cause fetal harm. A voluntary patient registry will include evaluation of pregnancy outcomes in patients with UCDs. For more information regarding the registry program, visit www.ucdregistry.com or call 1-855-823-2592
- Caution should be exercised when administering RAVICTI to nursing mothers, as breastfeeding is not recommended with maternal use of RAVICTI. It is not known whether RAVICTI or its metabolites are present in breast milk
- Adverse reactions occurring in ≥10% of adult patients during short-term treatment (n=44 , 4 weeks) with RAVICTI were diarrhea, flatulence, and headache.
- Adverse reactions occurring in ≥10% of adult patients during long-term treatment (n=51, 12 months) with RAVICTI were nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, decreased appetite, hyperammonemia, dizziness, headache, and fatigue.
- Adverse events occurring in ≥10% of pediatric patients during long-term treatment (n=26, 12 months) with RAVICTI were upper abdominal pain, rash, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, decreased appetite, hyperammonemia, and headache
- Corticosteroids, valproic acid, or haloperidol: May increase plasma ammonia level. Monitor ammonia levels closely
- Probenecid: May affect renal excretion of metabolites of RAVICTI, including PAGN and PAA